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Mr. Kostiainen has a background in communications engineering and signal processing in which he got his Master’s degree in 2011. In his thesis, he applied sonic interaction design to develop a mobile journey planner application utilizing non-speech auditory cues for guidance. The related open development tools and a development competition by the Helsinki Region Transport authority at the time further motivated pursuing the research and development of mobility services. Partially due to that, Kostiainen was then lured into the field of transportation and has been working at VTT as a researcher of mobility services since 2012.