Rafael started his career in Colombia in environmental protection including working as an Environmental Consultant in the development of the Medellin Metro, Colombia. Since relocating to the UK, Rafael has worked on the tram development at Nottingham City Council and in other public transport operational and policy roles at Birmingham City Council, Transport for West Midlands and most recently at Transport for Greater Manchester as head of innovation. Rafael holds a Master in Environmental Planning from the University of Nottingham and a Master in Project Management from the College of Estate Management at Reading University. Rafael is currently Vice-Chairman of ERTRAC representing cities and regions on behalf of POLIS. He is also UITP Ambassador and active member of the Combined Mobility Commission. He currently leads the establishment of an AV Observatory with the UITP SPACe project.