Jaâfar Berrada is graduated in civil engineering and mobility planning (Ecole des Ponts, Paris). He joined VEDECOM in 2016 and obtained his PhD in 2019 in demand modelling and transportation economics. His research interests focus on the assessment of socioeconomic impacts for new mobility services. He had key contributions in simulating demand for autonomous taxis by coupling a VEDECOM agent-based model with an existing macroscopic model. On the other hand, he teaches discrete choice analysis and the prediction of individual behaviors in the Ecole des Ponts Paris-Tech (ENPC).
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Socioeconomic impacts of autonomous shared taxis mixed with scheduled transitShared autonomous vehicles (SAV) are emerging as promising solutions to improve urban mobility. Our objective is to quantify the socioeconomic impacts of a public service based on SAVs through:
(1) The development of an agent-based model (VIPSIM) which describes movements of SAVs with respect to passengers' requests,
(2) The description of a demand framework which combines VIPSIM with a demand model that integrates user's preferences,
(3) The construction of a microeconomic model that describes economic and technical strategies of operators in order to analyse socioeconomic impacts of SAVs.
The research study considers in addition the interaction between SAVs and other public transport services.
Finally, an application case, performed on a city in the Paris metropolitan area, shows impacts of SAVs on mobility performances of public transit and on economic performances of operators.